By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a common socioevolutionary conception of the sentiments - affect-spectrum conception - classifies a large spectrum of the feelings and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the key theoretical views constructed within the sociology of feelings through exhibiting basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of lifestyles that have developed into easy social relationships and which may are expecting occurrences of the whole spectrum of basic, advanced secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written through major social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this e-book offers an encyclopaedic class of the feelings, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and providing a normal multilevel thought of feelings and social existence. The scope of assurance of this key paintings is extremely topical and accomplished, and contains the improvement of feelings in formative years, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender transformations. whereas fundamental feelings have basically outlined valences, this conception indicates that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that each one feelings have either artistic and damaging potentialities.
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Extra info for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
These effects of sociodemographic variables were weak, and also difﬁcult to interpret without also measuring important aspects of individual personality and taking situational-by-personal interactions into account (Diener et al. 1999: 276). Evidence suggests that sociodemographic variables explain little variance in happiness when interpreted by “set-point” (stable longterm level of happiness) and “aspiration-adjustment” models. These models share two assertions: (i) different persons have different set-points, so some persons have consistently higher levels of well-being and happiness than others; (ii) recent changes in fortune, such as losing a job or obtaining a pay raise, can have a major impact on well-being but as aspirations adjust to higher levels of achievement, then well-being will return, after a year or two, to its previous, normal set-point level (Costa et al.
Andras Angyal’s (1941) classical psychoanalytic study of disgust led him to the conclusions that disgust “is a speciﬁc reaction toward the waste The four pairs of opposite primary emotions 27 products of the human and animal body” (p. 295) and has as its most sensitive focus intimate contact with the mouth. Tomkins (1963) more generally contends that disgust is “recruited to defend the self against psychic incorporation or any increase in intimacy with a repellent object” (p. 233). Like acceptance – which on the functional level means incorporation, and is in infants closely related to the mouth – disgust, as protection against harmful incorporation, is similarly linked to the mouth.
1998), and social cognition theory (Abrams and Hogg 1999). Members of many species of animals must recognize their own kind and speciﬁc other individuals as well. Identity is a problem of two opposed primary emotions, acceptance (taking in, incorporating) and rejection (expelling). Thus, on the social level, the problem of acceptance/rejection concerns who is to be accepted as a member of the species and the group. Of course, identity also has to do with one’s body as well as social group membership.