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By Helga Stan-Lotter (auth.), Prof. Dr. Helga Stan-Lotter, Dr. Sergiu Fendrihan (eds.)

Once thought of unparalleled rarities, extremophiles became appealing gadgets for uncomplicated and utilized learn starting from nanotechnology to biodiversity to the origins of existence or even to the hunt for extraterrestrial lifestyles. numerous novel points of extremophiles are coated during this ebook; the focal point is to start with on strange and not more explored ecosystems equivalent to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wasteland sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting. Secondly, the more and more advanced box of functions from extremophile study is taken care of and examples corresponding to novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection concepts for power extraterrestrial lifestyles types are presented.

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Extra info for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application

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The main difference between the geochemistry of Discovery brine compared with the other three basins is an extremely high concentration of Mg2þ and the absence of Naþ . The Discovery lake contains a brine that shows the highest concentration of MgCl2 (around 5 M) that has ever been measured in a marine environment (Wallmann et al. 2002). The highest MgCl2 concentration previously reported (up to 2 M) in a natural environment is in the Dead Sea and Lake Bonney in Antarctica (Matsubaya et al. 1979; Oren 1999).

Appl Environ Microbiol 37:466–470 LaRock PA, Schwartz JR, Hofer KG (1988) Pulse labelling: a method for measuring microbial growth rates in the ocean. J Microbiol Methods 8:281–297 MacDonald IR, Buthman D, Sager WW, Peccini MB, Guinasso NL (2000) Pulsed oil discharged from a mud volcano. Geology 28:907–910 Macgregor DS (1983) Relationship between seepage, tectonics and subsurface petroleum reserves. Mar Petrol Geol 10:606–619 Mascle J, Sardou O, Loncke L, Migeon S, Camera L, Gaullier V (2006) Morphostructure of the Egyptian continental margin: insights from swath bathymetry survey.

Very high concentrations of sulphide (up to 16 mM in the brines) place Urania amongst the most sulphidic marine water bodies on Earth (Borin et al. 2009). 6Â10À6 mM. In this lake two discontinuities in salinity and temperature have been found along the water column. 5 C. After 67 m (brine I) a second chemocline is present (interface II) between body brines of different salinities and temperatures (Borin et al. 2009). The main difference between the geochemistry of Discovery brine compared with the other three basins is an extremely high concentration of Mg2þ and the absence of Naþ .

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